Image intensifiers are used to increase the intensity of available light in a system to enable better image reproduction in low light environments. This article investigates the challenges that necessitate the application of image intensification technologies and covers a variety of methods, including the next generation of intensified imaging.
Resolution, in the context of an image sensor, describes the total number of pixels utilized to create an image. The question is then, "Why does pixel count matter?" This article discusses the importance of resolution and its relevance in camera systems with image sensors.
The shutter in a camera system enables the control of the exposure time and thus the level of signal in an image. The shutter also defines the quality of an image if the objects are moving, as well as setting the environment for experiments, especially involving synchronization with illumination light.
EMVA1288, a standard for the specification and measurement of machine vision sensors and cameras, creates transparency by defining reliable and exact measurement procedures, as well as data presentation guidelines, and makes comparison of cameras and image sensors easier.
The reduction of temperature through “cooling” of image sensor components or electronic circuits can improve image quality and performance. This article examines the underlying effects of cooling in cameras and their sensitivities.